3 point perspective is a method of creating drawings that appear realistic and three-dimensional. Unlike other perspective techniques, it allows you to draw objects from a more extreme angle, making them appear larger or more dramatic. This guide will teach you step-by-step how to create a successful 3 point perspective drawing.
- Drawing paper or sketchbook
- Straight-edge ruler
Step 1: Sketch out the Basic Shapes
Start with a horizon line in the center of your paper. Decide where your vanishing points will be – typically on the left and right sides of your drawing – and mark them on the horizon line. Use your ruler to draw lines from those points to the bottom of the paper. These will be your diagonal lines for the objects in your drawing.
Step 2: Connect the Lines
Use your ruler to connect the diagonal lines with a horizontal line. This will create the base shape of the object you’re drawing. Remember, at this stage, your lines should be light and sketchy. Don’t press down too hard with your pencil as you will be erasing a lot later on.
Step 3: Establish the Vertical Axis
Use your compass to draw a vertical line through the base shape of your object. This line will show where the object’s midpoint is. After this, sketch in the height and width of the object, using your ruler to make straight lines. Remember to only extend these lines to the vanishing points.
Step 4: Divide into Panels
Divide your shape into manageable panels to makes it easier to add details later on. Use a combination of diagonal and horizontal lines to create the sections. Remember to only extend them to the vanishing points, this will ensure a consistent and correct perspective.
Step 5: Add Details to Panels
Start adding details to each panel, use the guidelines you created to keep everything in perspective. Remember to keep your lines light and sketchy at this stage, as you will be erasing and adjusting later on. Use curved and straight edges to create the look and feel of the object you’re drawing.
Step 6: Add Shadows and Final Details
Once you have all the basic details, shadow in the areas where you think the shadows will be. This will give your object more depth and make it appear 3d. Now is the time to add the final details, like smaller components and accessories that personalize the object you’re drawing.
Step 7: Erase Guidelines and Clean Up
Erase your draft lines and make sure everything is clean and complete. Use your eraser to lighten components that are too dark, and add lines where needed. Once you’re satisfied with the drawing, consider adding textures or other details to make your object pop a little more.
Tips and Techniques
Tip #1: Practice with Simple Shapes
If you’re new to perspective drawing, it’s best to practice with simple shapes like cubes, spheres, and cylinders. Once you’ve mastered these, you can move on to larger and more complex objects.
Tip #2: Create a Thumbnail Sketch
Before you start your final drawing, try creating a smaller thumbnail sketch to help you better imagine your drawing. A thumbnail sketch is essentially a rough draft, it allows you to brainstorm and ideate before committing to a final piece.
Tip #3: Study Real-Life Objects
Spend some time examining real-life objects in the environment for inspiration and reference. Take note of relationships between shapes and where light and shadow fall on the object.
As you can see, creating a 3 point perspective drawing requires time, attention to detail, and a lot of focus. But once you have the basic technique down, you can create complex, eye-catching objects that are sure to impress. Practice often and have fun with it!
Q: What is the difference between 2 point and 3 point perspective?
A: 2 point perspective uses two vanishing points, whereas 3 point perspective uses three vanishing points, allowing you to draw objects from a more extreme angle.
Q: How do I know where to place the vanishing points?
A: The vanishing points should be placed on the horizon line, typically to the left and right of the object you’re drawing.
Q: Can you create a 3 point perspective drawing of a person?
A: Yes, a person can be drawn using 3 point perspective, but it will require a lot of practice and skill to create a successful piece.
Q: What if I make a mistake, can I still fix it?
A: Yes, that’s the beauty of drawing with a pencil. You can always erase and adjust until you’re happy with the results.
Q: What other drawing techniques should I learn if I want to improve my perspective drawing?
A: It’s always good to continue learning new techniques and skills! Some other drawing techniques to try include shading, line weight, composition, and using color.
Q: What kind of objects are best for 3 point perspective drawing?
A: Any object can be drawn using 3 point perspective, but objects with large flat sides, angles, and extreme vertical or horizontal lines can be especially interesting and dramatic.
Q: How long does it take to make a 3 point perspective drawing?
A: Depending on the complexity of the object and the level of detail, a 3 point perspective drawing can take anywhere from a few hours to several days to complete.