Learning how to draw can be a fun and rewarding hobby. All great drawings start with a base drawing. A base drawing is the foundation that every drawing is built upon. In this comprehensive step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the basic stages of creating your first base drawing.
Supplies needed for Base Drawing
Before you begin your base drawing, you will need a few supplies. Here is what you will need:
- Pencil or Drawing Pen
- Straight Edge
Now that you have your supplies ready let’s get started!
Step 1: Choose Your Subject
Choose your subject as it will be the foundation of your drawing. It can be any object, organic shape, or even a person or animal.
Step 2: Sketch Basic Shapes
Decide on the basic shapes to use such as circles, triangles and rectangles as they are the building blocks of most objects.
Step 3: Map Out Proportions
Now that you’ve sketched the basic shapes, use guidelines to map out the proportions of your subject. This will help you ensure that all the elements are well-proportioned.
Step 4: Add More Refinement to Your Sketch
Start refining your sketch with the intent of making it as close to the subject as possible. Keep comparing the sketch to the subject to correct the inaccuracies.
Step 5: Add More Details
Start filling the finer details into your sketch with eyes, nose, lines, and other particulars.
Step 6: Erase Extra Lines
Clean your drawing to keep only the actual contours; this will prevent confusion later as you add more clarity to the details.
Step 7: Shading
Give depth to your drawing by adding shading. Use a pencil pattern until you get the depth you want.
Step 8: Compare with your reference object
Before you sign off your masterwork, review the drawing and compare it to your initial subject. Ensure that all proportions and details are accurately represented to your satisfaction.
What are the basic shapes needed for a base drawing?
The basic shapes needed for a base drawing are circles, squares, triangles and rectangles.
Can you use any type of pencil for a base drawing?
Yes, you can use any type of pencil for a base drawing–just make sure it is sharp and ready for use.
What should I do if I make a mistake?
Don’t panic, carefully erase the error and redraw again, ensuring that you fix the error.
When is a base drawing considered complete?
A base drawing is done once you have realized the desired shape and proportion accuracy you aimed for and you’ve added more details and shading.
Can erasing hurt the integrity of the sketch?
No, it won’t hurt the integrity of the sketch. Erasing permits the artist to fix minor errors made during the earlier stage of the drawing.
Can I use pen instead of pencil for my base drawing?
Yes, you can use a pen instead of a pencil for your base drawing. Just make sure it is a fine art pen that will not smudge or run.