If you’re interested in challenging your artistic skill, hard drawing might just be the thing for you. But don’t let the word “hard” scare you. With practice, dedication, and the right techniques, anyone can become a master at hard drawing. In this guide, we’ll take a look at the basic steps and techniques to create any hard drawings that will truly amaze.
Before you start the hard drawing, gather all the necessary materials. Here’s what you’ll need:
- Pencils of various hardnesses (4H, 2H, HB, and 2B or 4B)
- Paper (preferably high-quality paper that can handle multiple erasings and is not too thin)
- Blending stumps or tortillons
- Ruler or T-square
Step 1: Sketch the Basic Shapes
Start by sketching the basic shapes of your subject. Use light lines and keep the shapes simple, so it’s easier to make changes later. If you’re drawing a person, you might want to start with an oval for the head and then add in the proportions for the rest of the body.
Step 2: Refine the Shapes
Once you have the basic shapes done, start refining them with more detail. Add in the features of the face or other distinguishing features. Keep this sketch light as well so that it’s easier to make alterations.
Step 3: Add in the Details
With the refined sketch, start adding in the details. Begin to build up more contrast and texture with your pencil. Use a harder pencil (4H or 2H) to add in the lightest areas and a softer pencil (2B or 4B) for the darkest areas.
Step 4: Start Shading
It’s time to start shading. Use a shading pencil (2B or 4B) and build up the shadows slowly, using varied pressure to create the different tones. Work with the light source in mind so that everything appears natural.
Step 5: Add More Contrast
As you build up the shading, start adding more contrast. Use the eraser to pull out highlights where necessary, but be sure to be gentle so that the paper doesn’t get damaged.
Step 6: Work with Details
As you approach the final stages of the drawing, start working with more details. You can use a kneaded eraser to pick up pencil marks here and there, but be sure not to use too much pressure or else the paper may rip.
Step 7: Clean Up the Drawing
Finally, clean up the drawing by removing any stray pencil marks or smudges. Use a brush or tissue to blow or wipe away particles.
- Use a light hand to avoid harsh lines.
- Experiment with different pencils to get different effects.
- Start with a lighter pencil, and then move to a darker one.
- Use cross-hatching and circular strokes to build up the shading.
- Be patient; a hard drawing takes time and patience.
1. How can I make my hard drawing look more realistic?
The key to making your drawing more realistic is to pay attention to details and shadows. Observe the subject carefully and try to replicate the nuances in the drawing.
2. Which paper is best for hard drawing?
High-quality, thick paper works well for hard drawing. Look for acid-free paper that can take repeated erasings.
3. How do I avoid smudging my hard drawing?
Try to use a piece of paper or a tissue to keep your hand off the drawing as much as possible. You can also spray the drawing lightly with fixative to help it set and avoid smudging.
4. How do I make sure proportions are correct when drawing a person?
Use a reference photo or look in a mirror to observe the subject at different angles. Use a ruler or T-square to measure the proportions and make sure everything is in the right place.
5. Is it okay to mix different pencil types for shading?
Yes, you can mix different pencils to get the desired effect. Just be sure to blend the pencils together smoothly.
6. How long does it take to complete a hard drawing?
The amount of time it takes to complete a hard drawing depends on the subject, size, and level of detail. On average, it can take anywhere from a few hours to a few days.